Polish Cucumber Salad – Mizeria

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With summer around the corner, so comes the need for nice, refreshing dishes. This Polish Cucumber Salad (Mizeria) should find its way to your summer dishes repertoire, it’s been in mine ever since I was born. 

Polish cucumber salad in a bowl with spoon in it; overhead close up shot

Mizeria (Polish Cucumber Salad) – Refreshing Summer Side Dish

Well actually I might have gotten carried away a little bit there; I wasn’t actually eating cucumbers right after I was born, but I certainly was no later than the age of one. I’m now in my 40s, so you can see how long I’ve been eating this cucumber salad. This is one of the most popular Polish Recipes.

There is one caveat here, in Poland people tend to eat whatever’s in-season. That means that you wouldn’t have the pleasure of eating this cucumber salad during the winter months.

Cucumbers are summer produce and they need to be eaten during hot months…which make perfect sense, as their flavor and consistency are super refreshing. Here in the US, cucumbers are available all year round; but they really taste best during the summer.

But I digress… The point I wanted to make here is that this salad is family’s traditional recipe, and as with a lot of ethnic recipes, variations abound (which I’ll talk about below).

Polish cucumber salad - mizeria in a bowl with spoon in it and towel around it

Why is the Polish Cucumber Salad called ‘Mizeria’

Mizeria means “misery,” so one would naturally wonder why Poles call their cucumber salad a “misery.”

There are actually two theories about it: (1) that poor peasants that lived in misery, voraciously consumed this salad; or (2) that an Italian queen, who married one of the Polish kings, was so homesick that every time she ate this salad she cried. [Side note, it was believed that she brought fresh vegetables to Poland].

I’m not sure which, if any, of these theories, are true. So, I guess that one will remain a mystery.

How do you make Polish Cucumber Salad?

Here I’m going to present you with the version of Mizeria that my family loves. It only requires a few simple ingredients:

  • Cucumbers;
  • Fresh dill;
  • Spring, green onions;
  • Sour cream;
  • Salt & Pepper.

Even though the ingredients are simple, there are few important STEPS to follow to make it right:

  • Your cucumber needs to be peeled and then very thinly sliced. You can either use a knife, a mandolin or the side of a shredder, with the slicing option;
  • Then you’ll need to salt your cucumbers, mix well, and set aside for at least 15 minutes (but ideally for 30 mins);
  • The cucumbers will release a lot of water, that you need to discard. After natural dehydration, then squeeze the cucumbers even more;
  • Next, you’ll add dill, green onions, and sour cream;
  • Mix it all together and season to taste. Be careful with the salt, as your cucumbers were salted previously. Also, you may only need to add a little pepper.

Preparation of Polish cucumber salad - 3 shots, slicing cucumber, cucumber in a bowl, cucumber with water

Preparation of Polish Cucumber Salad, 3 photos: cut up herbs, herbs and cucumbers in a bowl; added sour cream to the bowl

What are the different variations of Mizeria?

Like with pierogi, bigos, dill pickle soup, and golabki, there are several variations of this cucumber salad. You’d find almost every household having subtle different preferences. Here’s a list of common add-ons that you’d find in different Polish cucumber recipes:

  • White vinegar;
  • Sugar;
  • Lemon juice; and
  • Onions types (or perhaps exclusion of them altogether).

If sugar, vinegar and/or lemons are something that you may like, then by all means..add them to your salad. Or perhaps you want to omit green onions or add yellow onions or even shallots. Check recipe notes for details.

Which cucumbers are best for this Polish Cucumber Salad?

When I was growing up the most ubiquitous type of cucumbers were the Kirby ones, which are normally used for pickling. The process would traditionally involve both peeling and deseeding the cucumbers.

Nowadays, the English seedless cucumber is the one I use the most. It’s widely available in the US, and it doesn’t need to be deseeded.

Polish cucumber salad in a white bowl with spoon in and towel around; water in a back

How can I lighten up this Cucumber Salad?

As advised, this traditional Polish cucumber salad calls for sour cream. However, if you’d like to go a little lighter then swap it out for some Greek, or natural, yogurt with your choice of fat content.

What shall I pair this Mizeria with?

For me, cucumber salad is forever married to mashed potatoes. As a matter of fact, sometimes that’s all kids would eat for dinner – just mashed potatoes with mizeria. Or on other nights, sometimes with just the addition of a fried egg. I know that may sound weird, but trust me it’s super delicious.

It will also go great with some grilled dishes like:

Or skillet or oven dishes, like:

Maybe you have some memories of your grandma making this dish, or maybe you ate it on your travels, or maybe a Polish friend served it for you, or perhaps you’ve never had it and are curious.

Whatever your motivation, please share your feedback with me and let me know how much you liked this Polish delight.

Oh, and if anyone knows the real reason why my ancestral Poles actually dubbed this a “misery” salad, then please let me know. Because as far as I can tell, the name definitely does NOT befit the dish!

Polish cucumber salad in a white bowl with spoon; overhead shot, horizontal

More Polish Recipes to Try

Polish cucumber salad in a white bowl with spoon; overhead shot, horizontal

Polish Cucumber Salad (Mizeria)

With summer around the corner, so comes the need for nice, refreshing dishes. This Polish Cucumber Salad (Mizeria) ought to find its way to your summer dishes repertoire. Simple ingredients like cucumber, dill, green onions, and sour cream are all you need.
5 from 8 votes
Print Pin Rate
Course: Salad, Side Dish
Cuisine: Polish
Prep Time: 10 minutes
15 minutes
Servings: 4
Calories: 87kcal
Author: Edyta


  • 1 English Cucumber seedless, peeled and thinly sliced
  • 1/2 cup Fresh Dill chopped
  • 1/2 cup Green Spring Onions green and white parts
  • 2/3 cup Sour Cream
  • 1/2 teaspoon Salt
  • Fresh Black Pepper


  • Using either knife, mandolin or shredder with slicing option, slice the cucumber very thinly and place in a bowl; 
  • Add salt to the cucumbers, mix well and set aside for at least 15 minutes (ideally for 30 minutes);
  • After at least 15 minutes, strain the cucumbers through a colander and squeeze out any leftover water;
  • Add cucumbers back into a bowl, add chopped dill and spring onions; Mix in the sour cream and combine together;
  • Check for seasoning and add salt and pepper as needed.
  • You can chill it before serving. 


*Optional additions for this salad:
  • 1 tablespoon of white vinegar, or
  • squeeze of lemon juice;
  • 1 teaspoon of sugar
**This recipe calls for 2/3 cup of sour cream, but you can add less or more depending on your consistency preferences. 
***For an even lighter version of this salad use Geek or natural yogurt instead of sour cream.


Calories: 87kcal | Carbohydrates: 4g | Protein: 1g | Fat: 7g | Saturated Fat: 4g | Cholesterol: 19mg | Sodium: 326mg | Potassium: 207mg | Sugar: 2g | Vitamin A: 770IU | Vitamin C: 7.4mg | Calcium: 66mg | Iron: 0.7mg
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  1. 5 stars
    This sounds delicious and simple! I think cucumber salad goes so well with lots of dishes and I’d love it as one of the side dishes at my next barbecue.

  2. 5 stars
    I could totally get on board with eating this cucumber salad with mashed potatoes. I’m going to try that – might get my son to eat some veggies with his mashed potatoes!

  3. 5 stars
    Thank you for sharing so many fabulous recipes. This Mizeria recipe reminds me of my mother-in-law’s, and ex-wife’s, Mizeria. They both used vinegar and lemon juice in their recipe, as you mentioned in your ‘Variations’ comment. Additionally, they both finished off their salad, or fine tuned it, with Hidden Valley Ranch Dressing/Dip powdered mix – a little bit at a time for an added dimension of flavor.
    When I use the Mizeria dressing for salads, I use Red Wine Vinegar in place of regular Vinegar.
    Thanks, Again!

    1. Fantastic. Thank you for such a nice comment. I’m glad that my recipe reminds you of something that your family used to make for you. Prosze bardzo 🙂

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